Clifton, Violet Mary – (1883 – 1961)
British traveller and author
Violet Beauclerk was born (Nov, 1883) the daughter of William Nelthorpe Beauclerk, of Little Grimsby Hall, Lincolnshire, and his wife Jane Isabella Rathbone. Educated abroad in Brussels, she was married (1907) to John Talbot, of Kidalton Castle in the Hebrides, by whom she left five children. Violet travelled extensively throughout India, Indonesia, and Malaysia, Southern and Northern America, and Honolulu, and served with the nursing corps during WW I. For her war service she was awarded the Mons Star with Ypres Bar. Her work, The Book of Talbot in 1933, won for her the prestigious James tait Black Memorial Prize. Other written works included, Pilgrims to the Isles of Penzance and Islands of Queen Wilhelmina. From 1950 –1956 she took holy orders, joining the Order of the Poor Clares as Sister Mary Seraphim. Violet Clifton died (Nov 20, 1961) aged seventy-eight.
Clifford, Sophia Campbell, Lady de – (1743 – 1828)
British Hanoverian peeress and courtier
Sophia Campbell was the third daughter of Samuel Campbell of Mount Campbell in Leitrim, Ireland. She became the wife (1765) of Edward Southwell (1732 – 1777), the twentieth Baron de Clifford at St George’s in Hanover Square in London and became Baroness de Clifford (1765 – 1777). She bore him five children before his death at Avenay, near Nice in France (Nov 1, 1777). She never remarried and remained the Dowager Baroness de Clifford for over five decades (1777 – 1828). As a widow Lady de Clifford was appointed to be the governess (1796 – 1813) of Princess Charlotte of Wales, the daughter of the Prince Regent (George IV). Lady Charlotte Bury described Lady Sophia as ‘a goodnatured and commonplace person.’ Lady de Clifford died (Aug 3, 1828) aged eighty-five, at her home in South Audley Street in Middlesex, London. She was buried at Henley. She signed her will Sophia de Clifford. Her children were,
Clifford, Rosamund – (c1153 – 1176)
English royal mistress
Popularly known as ‘the Fair Rosamund,’ she was the daughter of Walter de Clifford, a minor of Welsh nobleman. She is said to have become mistress to King Henry II at the eage of sixteen (c1169), and remained with him until her early death. The king is said to have constructed the maze in Woodstck Palace for her, as protection from Queen Eleanor. He mourned her greatly when she died, and Rosamund was buried before the high altar in the abbey of Godstow, in Oxfordshire, though the tomb was later removed from the abbey to the local churchyard by the local bishop, who was shocked that the nuns had tended it as though she had been a saint. According to worthless legend, Rosamund was either forcibly bled to death in a hot bath by Henry’s jealous wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, or that the queen confronted her in her silken bower, and offerred her choice of a dagger or a bowl of poison. During the reformation her remains were exhumed and burnt, and her ashes scatterred.
Cavell, Edith Louisa – (1865 – 1915)
British nurse and war heroine
Edith Cavell was born at Swardeston in Norfolk, the daughter of a clergyman. She trained as a nurse and was later appointed as the first matron of the Berkendael Medical Institute in Brussels, Belgium (1907). During WW I her institute was transformed into a Red Cross hospital, and Cavell became a member of the underground movement, led by Philippe Baucq, which enabled British, Belgian, and French soldiers to be concealed in her hospital, and then organized their escape into Holland and safety. Cavell was eventually arrested by the Germans and was charged with organizing and assisting with the escapes of over two hundred Allied soldiers. She was court-martialled and sentenced to execution, togther with Baucq. Edith Cavell never denied the charges, and despite diplomatic interventions and protests, she was shot (Oct 12, 1915) by a German firing squad.
Margaret Oliphant Wilson Oliphant (b
Cavendish, Elizabeth – (1654 – 1734)
Lady Elizabeth Cavendish was born (Feb 22, 1654), the eldest daughter and heiress of Henry Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle, and his wife Frances Pierrepoint. She was married firstly (1669), at The Cockpit, at Whitehall Palace, London to Christopher Monck (1653 – Oct 26, 1688), who succeeded as second Duke of Albemarle (1670). Her behaviour was already causing her family cause for concern before the death of her husband in Jamaica (1688). She remarried secondly (1692) to Ralph Montagu (1638 – 1709), who later became first Duke of Montagu (1705). The duchess was very wealthy, and, by the time of her second marriage, almost totally deranged. She had declared that she would give her hand to no-one but a crowned head. Consequently her second husband, Montagu, is said to have decked himself out in oriental costume, announced that he was the emperor of China, and the duchess accepted him. This marriage resulted in several lawsuits concerning the Albemarle property, one of which, between Montagu and Lord Bath, lasted for seven years, and cost the litigants twenty thousand pounds between them. It was finally settled by compromise (1698). Before the death of her second husband (1709), the duchess had been kept in such close seclusion that it was rumoured that she was dead, and that Montagu had concealed her death in order to retain enjoyment of her seven thousand pounds a year income. However, Elizabeth Cavendish survived Montagu by twenty-five years, and was popularly known as ‘the Mad Duchess.’ Elizabeth Cavendish died (Aug 28, 1734) aged eighty, at Newcastle House, Clerkenwell, in Middlesex. She was interred in Westminster Abbey. Both marriages had remained childless.
1897) was a prolific and influential Victorian author
Corbara, Angelina della – (1377 – 1435)
Angelina della Corbara was born at Montegiovo, the daughter of Giacomo della Corbara, Conte of Corbara, Montemarta, and Tisigniano, and his wife Contessa Anna di Burgari, of the family of the counts of Marsciano. Of a pious nature from early childhood, she dedicated herself to the religious life with a vow of virginity (1389) whilst still a child. Despite this her parents arranged her marriage (1393) with the Conte di Civitella in the Abruzzi, but he respected her piety, and the two agreed to take vows of celibacy. Widowed in 1394, Angelina joined the Third Order of St Francis. Persecuted as an extravagant heretic by King Ladislas of Naples, who believed that she disapproved of the process of marriage, upon meeting her, the king admired both her courage and her religious sanctity, and she became something of a celebrity figure, so much so, that the countess left Naples secretly by night. So many young girls of noble families wished to follow her example, that, upon the outcries from his own nobility King Ladislas was forced to banish Angelina from the kingdom, and she returned to her father. There she founded the Tertiarie Claustrate, or cloistered nuns of the Franciscan order at Foligno, and established the monastery of St Anna there (1397) of which she served as first abbess. Angelina caused sixteen more houses of her order to be built. Angelina della Corbara died (July 14, 1435) at Foligno. She was canonized (1825) by Pope Leo XII.
Caba, Irene see Alba, Irene Caba
Corano, Amata de – (c1218 – c1265)
Amata de Corano was the daughter of the nobleman Martin de Corano and his wife Beatrice Sciffo, the daughter of Faverone Sciffo, Conte dei Offreduccio. She was the niece of St Clara of Asissi (1193 – 1253) and was the sister of St Balbina. Amata was fond of worldly vanities and was intended to be married, but was influenced by the piety of her aunt and instead she joined the Order of the Poor Clares. Clara later cured her of a debititating attack of dropsy. Amata attended Clara duirg her final illness and said to have seen a vision of Christ near her. Amata was venerated as a saint her feast (Feb 20) being recorded in the Acta Sanctorum.
Cooper, Robyn Margaret – (1942 – 2008)
Australian art historian and educator
Robyn Cooper was born in Narrandera, the daughter of a bank manager and later moved with her family to Sydney (1954). She was educated in Burwood and later attended Sydney University, where she received the University Medal for her thesis entitled The Image of Italy in English Writing 1815 – 1915. Cooper travelled to England to study under Quentin Bell, the nephew of Virginia Woolf, at the University of Sussex, and with her return to Sydney (1973) she joined the faculty at the Department of Fine Arts at the University of Sydney, where she introduced courses on women artists. Cooper contributed articles and essays to many historical journals. Her retirement (1992) was caused by illness, she having been diagnosed with a brain tumour a decade earlier. This caused her to publish, Tumouresque: On Having and Surviving A Brain Tumour in the Eureka Street periodical. She remained unmarried. Robyn Cooper died in Sydney.Cooper, Joan – (1922 – 1989)
British stage and television actress
Joan Cooper was born (May 27, 1922) at Birmingham in Lancashire, the daughter of a musician. She received her training at the Stratford-upon-Avon Dramatic School and later joined the Colchester Repertory company. Her roles in the theatre were the mainstay of her career, but Cooper also made several notable appearances in television. She was married (1948) to actor Arthur Lowe (1915 – 1982) who played Captain Mainwaring in the popular series Dad’s Army (1968 – 1977). Cooper made several appearances in the series, playing Dolly, one of Colonel Godfrey’s elderly spinster sisters. Miss Cooper also appeared in the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) series Rookery Nook (1970) and was Nurse Brice in the film The Ruling Class (1972), co-starring with her husband who played the anarchist butler. Joan portrayed Mrs Marriott in Don’t Wait Up (1985). Joan Cooper died (July 1, 1989) aged sixty-seven, at Hayfield in Derbyshire.