A bonobo named Kanzi , and made Oldowan-style tools after being taught. But those who stone tools and the control of fire were the Einsteins and Teslas of their day. Hunter-gatherers today often start fires by banging flint against pyrite stones, which is a combination that produces generous sparks. Habilines probably used such stones when making tools. Even Darwin suggested that that may have been how protohumans discovered how to make fire, as they banged rocks together. I have not seen anybody else advocate it, but as with the likelihood that protohumans learned to make stone tools and the practice then spread, I consider it likely that the control of fire was learned only , and then spread. Richard Wrangham thinks that habilines first controlled fire, which led to the of . He could be right, and my reasoning follows.
I am taking some liberties in calling Turkana Boy a ; he is technically a member of , which is often considered ancestral to , which is the Asian variant’s name. There is great debate regarding how the human family tree branches between and . Some call the various -type species all subspecies of , while others argue for several distinct species. I will not stray far from the orthodox narrative here, for good reason. The reconstructed early human tale is based on very limited evidence, but that evidence will only grow over time, and the tools and techniques for using them will become more sophisticated. Although there may be some upcoming radical changes in the view of the early human journey, efforts of countless scientist and fossil hunter lifetimes support the narrative that this essay sketches, and I respect their findings and opinions, even though I acknowledge many limitations. The human ego, it seems, becomes more involved as the story of life on Earth moves closer to its human chapters.
First and foremost, I have a difficult time imagining that could have slept on the ground without something to keep Africa’s predators at bay, and . I doubt that slender apes, much smaller than humans, swinging sharpened rocks and sticks at saber-toothed cats, hyenas, and the like (or throwing them) would have done much to scare them off. Those days predated spears, arrows, and other sophisticated weapons by more than a million years. The strongest plausible deterrent is fire, and I doubt that was simply vigilant and the sentry awoke everybody when the cats came and they all scrambled up trees (or lived in large enough groups so that they could mass attack any predators). Those apes certainly could not have outrun them. Cats are ambush predators, and woodland apes sleeping on the ground would have likely been easy meat. Without fire, would have been in the same situation as its ancestors, going back tens of millions of years: they slept in trees and other lofty refuges so that predators could not attack them. But all animals respect and fear fire. Fire is the ultimate protection and weapon for humans, even to this day.
This essay’s purpose, regarding the human journey’s epochal phases, is to show how humans achieved each Epochal Event, which was always about exploiting a new energy source, and how each event transformed the human journey. Although the civilizations of India and Southeast Asia had unique qualities and achievements, and the Buddhist religion has a great deal to commend (founded, as Christianity was, in the name of another “rebel,”) as well as other world religions, the primary preoccupation of all peoples for all time before the Industrial Revolution was avoiding starvation. Industrialized peoples seem to have partly forgotten this motivation.
Reflection is the examination of personal thoughts and actions.
and noted that Eurasia was spread along an east-west axis, while Africa and the Americas were north-south, which made Old World diffusion easier, but that idea also has problems, as Fertile Crescent crops did not spread to East Asia due to rainfall timing differences (winter rains in the west and summer monsoons in the east). Mesoamerican and Andean civilizations had dramatic geographic limitations, which was their greatest contrast with Eurasian civilizations. However, like the migration of or the exchange when , it was easier for cultural innovations to spread along the same latitude, as they would move through similar biomes. North-south diffusion is far more difficult, as it moves through different biomes, such as tropical forests and . Eurasia's geography was more conducive to communicating innovations, which made it more cosmopolitan than sub-Saharan Africa or the Americas, which helped them technologically advance at a faster pace. Isolated peoples are usually culturally and technologically backward compared to nearby peoples who are more cosmopolitan, and people isolated by mountainous geography, such as those of the Scottish Highlands, Balkans, Appalachia, and Southeast Asia were relatively primitive compared to those around them. and are classic instances of isolated peoples keeping their cultures intact, which provided a window into the human past, but their cultures also did not "progress," which included their technology.
[tags: Reflection Paper, criminal justice system]
Even the from the shadows readily see how their game of chicken with Earth may turn out. Their more extreme members advocate terraforming Mars as their ultimate survival enclave if their games of power and control make Earth uninhabitable. But the saner members, who may now be a , favor the dissemination of those sequestered technologies. I am nearly certain that members of that disenchanted faction are those who gave my close friend an and who would quietly . They may also be subtly supporting my current efforts, of which this essay comprises a key component, but I have not heard from them and am not counting on them to save the day or help my efforts garner success. It is time for humanity to reach the level of collective sentience and integrity required to manifest humanity’s , which will initiate the Free Energy Epoch. Humanity can then live, for the first time, in an epoch of true and sustainable abundance. It could also halt the and humanity could turn Earth into something resembling heaven. With the Fifth Epochal Event, humanity will become a space-faring species, and a future will beckon that nobody on Earth today can truly imagine, just as nobody on Earth could predict how the previous Epochal Events transformed the human journey (, , , ).
Reflection on Group Process Essay - Anti Essays
Last night was the first performance of Swanlights at The Melbourne Festival. Boy George guest appeared and will do the same tonight. Antony's exhibition Paradise is now open at the Melbourne Festival Arts Center. Paradise will be on display until Saturday October 27th. For more details plase click . This coming Tuesday, TURNING will have it's Australian premier at The Australian Center for the Moving Image as part of the Melbourne Festival. The screening will be followed with a Q&A. More details . In addition, Lynette Wallworth's film Coral: Rekindling Venue will be screened at the Melbourne Planetarium as part of the Melbourne Festival on Monday October 15th. For more information please see .